Bipolar disorders are brain disorders that cause changes in a person’s mood, energy and ability to function. Bipolar disorder is a category that includes three different conditions — bipolar I, bipolar II and cyclothymic disorder.
People with bipolar disorder have extreme and intense emotional states that occur at different times, called mood episodes.
Bipolar I- Manic episode, can cause severe mood swings. A manic episode is a period of at least one week and the patient experiences – e.g: grandiosity, less need for sleep, easily distracted.
Bipolar II- A person having at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode. Bipolar II often have other co-occurring mental illnesses such as an anxiety disorder or substance use disorder. E.g. Feeling hopeless, sad, or empty
Cyclothymic disorder- mood swings between short periods of mild depression and hypomania
25 years old housewife begins to experience poor sleep, increased activities in the house, washing and cleaning lasting till the early hours of the night, become very argumentative, aggressive and critical of often in the house.